TUCKER Family Association

TUCKER-DARELL

SOURCE: NEHGR, 1922, pp.232-238; by Rufus Stickney Tucker, Ph.D., of Cambridge, MA.
Retyped and reformatted by Kathy Leigh, Aug. 25, 2003.

Page 232

In the "Genealogy of the Tucker Family," compiled by the late Ephraim Tucker of Worcester, Mass., and published in 1895, a book that is almost entirely devoted to Robert Tucker of Weymouth and Milton, Mass., and his descendants, it is maintained that John Tucker, who was at Watertown, Mass., in 1636 and afterwards settled in Hingham, Mass., and Robert Tucker, who was at Weymouth in 1638 and was later of Milton were brothers, and that they were identical with the John and Robert Tucker who are given in the Visitation of Kent of 1619-1621 as sons of George Tucker of Milton next Gravesend, co. Kent.[1]

From the Tucker pedigree published in the Visitation of Kent, page 3,[2] it appears that George Tucker, son and heir of William Tucker of Throuley (Throwleigh), co. Devon, Esq., was of Milton


[Footnotes]

     [1] In identifying Robert Tucker of Weymouth and Milton, Mass., with Robert Tucker, son of George Tucker of Milton next Gravesend, co. Kent, the compiler of the Genealogy of the Tucker Family followed the statements about the birthplace of Robert Tucker, the New England settler published in 1887 in the History of Milton, Mass., pp. 37-38.
     [2] Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 42, London, 1898. The Visitation pedigree used by Mr. Ephraim Tucker in preparing his book is that found in Harleian Manuscript 1106, which differs somewhat from the pedigree published by the Harleian Society in 1898, three years after the appearance of the Genealogy of the Tucker Family. The differences, however, are without importance in proving or disproving Mr. Tucker's conjecture in regard to the English origin of John and Robert Tucker of Massachusetts.


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(next Gravesend), co. Kent, and that George Tucker, son and hein of George and grandson of William, was likewise of Milton. By his first wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Francis Staughton of Craford (Crayford), co. Kent, this second George Tucker had a son George, aged 25 at the taking of the Visitation; and by his second wife, Mary, daughter of John Darrell[1] of Cadehill (Cale Hill, in the parish of Little Chart, co. Kent), Esq., he had, at the time of the Visitation, sons John, aged 19, Robert, aged 14, and Henry, aged 8, and daughters Hester, Elizabeth, Mary, Ann, Sarah, and Martha.

In his will, dated 11 Nov. 1622, an abstract of which is given below, George Tucker names all these daughters except Elizabeth, "Marie" being under twenty-one, Ann being already married, and Sarah, Martha, and Hester being under nineteen. He names also, in addition to the four sons mentioned in the Visitation, a son Daniel, who was probably born after the taking of the Visitation, John Darell, Esq., deceased, his wife's father, and Sir Robert Darell, Knight, and John Darell, Esq., his wife's brothers. This will and a codicil of 14 Dec. 1625, attached thereto, show that George Tucker and his brother, Capt. Daniel Tucker, held shares in the "Summer Islands," i.e. the Bermudas, and that Capt. Daniel Tucker had recently given shares in these islands to his nephew Daniel, son of the testator of 1622.

The prominence of this Tucker family in the Burmudas, in Barbados, and in Virginia and South Carolina, has long been known and recognized. George Tucker, the testator of 1622, and his brother Daniel were members of the Virginia Company; and Daniel sailed for Virginia in 1606, was a leading man in the Colony from 1608 to 1613, was commissioned Governor of the Bermudas 15 Feb. 1615/16, and was in those islands from May 16 to about Jan. 1618/19. He purchased lands in Virginia in 1621, and died at Port Royal, Bermuda, 10 Feb. 1624-5. George Tucker, eldest son of the testator of 1622, went to the Bermuda Islands in the time of the Civil War in England, but returned to England. His will, an abstract of which is given below, is dated 23 Aug. 1639 and was proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 2 May 1648. In it he describes himself as of Dartford, co. Kent, Gentleman, and gives to his eldest son, George, all his lands in the Bermuda Islands, except two shares which he gives to the second son, Francis, and two shares which he gives to his third son, Robert. George Tucker, the eldest son of the testator, settled in Bermuda, and by his wife Frances, daughter of Sir Henry St. George, Knight, Garter and Principal King of Arms, became the ancestor of a branch of the family of which several members held public positions of honor and trust or distinguished themselves in professional and mercantile life. Some of his descendants became officers in the British Army and Navy, others migrated to Barbados, Virginia, or South Carolina, and one of them, St. George Tucker, born in 1752, settled in Virginia, became a judge and a professor of law in William and Mary College, and was the founder of a well-known family in that State. Henry Tucker, half brother of George


[Footnotes]

     [1] This surname is given incorrectly as "Darrett" in the History of Milton, Mass., and in the Genealogy of the Tucker Family.


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Tucker the testator of 1639, also settled, it is believed, in the Bermudas, and had many descendants.[1]

The six wills of which abstracts are given below[2] confirm certain parts of the Tucker pedigree found in the Visitation of Kent, 1619-1621, and supply much information about the genealogy and social standing of the Tucker family of Milton next Gravesend and of the ancient and eminent Darell family with which is was connected by marriage. They should, therefore, be of interest to the Tuckers of the present day in Virginia and other southern States, for the descendants of George Tucker, the testator of 1639, as well as those of his half brother Henry, may trace their ancestry back to the Darells of Kent, Elizabeth, wife of George Tucker and mother of his children, having been a daughter of Richard Sedley of Digswell, co. Herts, Esq., by his wife Elizabeth, who was a daughter of John Darrell of Cale Hill, co. Kent, Esq., and therefore a sister of Mary Darell, second wife of George Tucker, the testator of 1622.[3] These wills are also of value to descendants of New England Tuckers, because they disprove the English ancestry assigned in the "Genealogy of the Tucker Family" to John Tucker of Watertown and Hingham and to Robert Tucker of Weymouth and Milton, Mass.

The compiler of the "Genealogy," following the statements made and the records given in the "History of Milton, Mass," found that, according to the Visitation of Kent, 1619-1621, George Tucker of Milton (next Gravesend), the second George Tucker of the pedigree, had a son John, aged 19 at the time of the Visitation, and a son Robert, aged 14 at the same time. He found also that, according to the "History of Milton, Mass.," the parish registers of Milton next Gravesend record the following baptisms of children of George Tucker, Gentleman: John, in 1599; Elizabeth, 25 Mar. 1601; Maria (Mary), 24 Mar. 1602 (1602/3); Robert, 7 June 1604;[4] Henry, in 1612. Now since John and Robert, two of the sons of George Tucker, were apparently of the right age to be the John and Robert Tucker who came to New England, since, moreover, according to the "History of Milton, Mass.," the Tucker family disappeared from the English Milton soon after 1637, and since, finally, Robert Tucker of Massachusetts was prominent among the early settlers of Milton


[Footnotes]

     [1] Cf. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 17, pp. 395-397, vol. 29, p. 355, and Tucker pedigrees in Emmet's Memori of John Patten Emmet, M.D., New York, 1898.
     [2] Two of thse wills have already appear in prin--that of George Tucker, the testor of 1622, in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 17, pp. 394-395, and that of his son George, the testator of 1639, in the same publication, vol. 39, pp. 354-355. The importance of these two wills in the history of the Tucker family and, especially, the reference in the will of the younger George to his (half) brothers John and Robert, whom the late Ephraim Tucker claimed as settlers of Massachusetts, warrant their reproduction in this article. The abstract of the first of these two wills has been adapted from the abstract printed in The Virginia Magazine, while that of the second will has been made directly from the recorded copy of the will in Somerset House, London, and has been compared with the abstract printed in The Virginia Magazine.
     [3] Cf. the pedigree of Sedley of Digswell, published in The Visitations of Hertfordshire, p. 91 (Publications of the Harleian Society, vol. 22). This pedigree gives children of George and Elizabeth (Sedley) Tucker as follows: 1. George. 2. Francis. 3. Robert. 4. Elisabeth. It is, therefore, in agreement with the statements of the will of George Tucker. Cf. also the pedigree of Darrell, in The Visitation of Kent, 1619, p. 187.
     [4] In the History of Milton, Mass., and in the Genealogy this entry, under the year 1604, is given as follows: "Robert ye sonne of George Tucker Gent one of the Burghers at this font was baptized ye VII of June." The correct reading of this entry is "Robert ye sonne of George Tucker Gent one of the Searchers at this port was baptized ye VII of June." The father was, therefore, in the English customs service.


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in that Colony, a town which might have been named in honor of the English home of one or more of its settlers, Mr. Tucker in the "Genealogy" stated that Robert Tucker of Milton next Gravesend was "doubtless the progenitor of the Milton (Mass.) Tuckers," and identified his brother John with the settler of that name in Watertown and Hingham.

The wills given below, however, prove that John and Robert Tucker, sons of George Tucker of Milton next Gravesend, co. Kent, were living in England after their namesakes appear in Massachusetts--John being in England in 1639, 1642, and 1644, and his brother Robert being there in 1639, when, according to the will of his half brother George, he was evidently incapable of managing his own affairs. Neither John nor Robert Tucker of Massachusetts is ever called Gentleman in the Colonial records, although the members of the Kentish family are regularly designated as Gentlemen or Esquires. The conclusion is, therefore, unavoidable, that the English ancestry of these two settlers of Massachusetts has yet to be discovered.

FROM PROBATE RECORDS

     The Will of GEORGE TUCKER of Milton next Gravesend, co. Kent, Esq., dated 11 November 1622. To be buried in Milton under my stone. To Mary, my wife, all corn and grain and household stuff. To my son Robert Tucker 300, to be paid him when twenty-four at or in the porch door on the south side of the Gravesend parish church. To my sons Henry and Daniell 500 marks each. To my daughter Maria Tucker 500 when twenty-one. My daughter Ann Tucker has already been provided for in marriage. To my daughters Sarah, Martha, and Hester Tucker 500 apiece when nineteen, in performance of an indenture made 16 February, 41 Elizabeth (1598/9), between me, George Tucker John Darell, Esq., deceased, my wife's father, and Sir Robert Darell, Knt., her brother. Residuary legatees: my wife Mary and my eldest son, George Tucker. Executrix: my wife Mary. Overseers: my brothers Sir Robert Darell, Knt., and John Darell, Esq.
     To Mary, my wife, my dwelling mansion in Milton called Sir Thomas Wyatt's place, for one year, and then to my son George Tucker. To my son George, my manor of Milton and land purchased from John Childe and James Crispe, Sir William Page, Knt., and Henry Stacie, executors of the will of STephen Colt, and lands bought of _____ Peers and Bradbent and of one Anne Barnes, widow, at Dorkenstile, with remainder to my sons John, Robert, Henry, and Daniell, successively. My son John is to have the lands settled for my heirs male, my annuity from the manor of Mallgraves, co. Essex, and other lands in Hornedon on the Hill, my ten parts and shares in the Summer Islands als Barmother purchased of Sir Robert Mansfeild, Knt., two shares purchased of John Watts, Esq., and four shares purchased of Sir Thomas Smith, Knt. To my wife for life and then to my son John lands bought of the Earl of Salisbury in co. Kent. Witnesses: Lawrence Loulase, Francis Jackson, William Pepper, and Thomas Bolke.
     Codicil, dated 14 December 1625. As I have given to my son John lands purchased of George and Thomas Morris and lands purchased of Roger Gardiner in Lower Sherne which cost me near 800, the sixteen shares of the Summer Islands are to go to my son George; he giving my wife half the profits, and my son is to do the best for his brother Daniell in those shares lately given him by his uncle, Capt. Daniel Tucker. To the poor of

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     Gravesend 10 and to the poor of Milton 10. To the poor of Hoo, Chalke, and Norfleet, each parish, 40s. Witnesses: Martin Stower, minister, Edward Tenche.
     Proved 14 January 1625/6. Administration was granted, 1 July 1630, to Sir Nicholas Salter, creditor, the executrix being dead. (P. C. C., Hele, 5.)[1]

     The Will of JAMES DARELL of London, Esq.,[2] dated 25 August 1638. To be "buryed in the daye tyme with a sermon without any other solemnity save burnt wyne & ye like as is usuall & as is fitting for such frendes as shall accompanye my body to ye earth but without any blacke which I desire may neither be given nor worned for mee." To the poor of the parish where I shall be buried 40s. To the poor of Little Charte in Kent, where I was born, 3. To my son John Darell all stock of cattle, corn, and money he hath of min and 50 to increase his stock, his uncle, Mr. Robert Darell, to see to the laying out of it; also 40 a year out of my leaseholds in the Isle of Thanet in Kent, and, if he die before the lease expires, 20 to go to his wife and 20 to his children; also 200 within two years after the expiration of the lease I have of the parsonage of St. Sepulchre's, London, on condition he prove a good husband by the approbation of my nephew, Mr. George Tucker, and my brother, Mr. Robert Darell, otherwise the 200 is to go to his children equally. To my son Marmaduke Darell 600, on condition he serve out his apprenticeship with his kind master where I have settled him; if in any disordered way he leave his master, then he is to have 100, my son John 100, my son Robert 200, and my son James 200, and to him also a small gilt bowl and a dozen of gilt spoons at the age of twenty-one. To my son James Darell 500 at the age of twenty-one, he to be maintained and educated (at a cost of not more than 25 a year) till he shall be apprenticed, and then his maintenance is not to exceed 50 a year; if he die, then to Marmaduke 200, to John 100, and to Robert 200. To my daughter Bringfield all plate and jewels not otherwise disposed of an all goods in their house at the time of my death, and also two pairs of fine holland and one pair of best ordinary sheets. To my son Marmaduke five pairs of sheets--three of the better and two of the worser sort for servants. The rest of the linen is to go to my sons John and Robert equally. To my son Bringfield the suit of clothes I last had made me--"a sattin doublett ye hose cloth and the Cloake sutcable lyned with plush together with ye silke stockins & garters to that suit." To my nephew George Tucker, Esq., a ring of forty shillings price, he to have it made in what fashion he pleaseth. To my brother-in-law Mr. Richard Camden 5 for a piece of plate in remembrance of me, and I request him to assist my executors as they shall desire. To my clerk Edward Johnson 5. To Edward Stilated for a ring 20s. To Robert Collens 3 and my tawny cloth suit and cloak. To Hugh, my servant, 3. The residue of all my goods to my son Robert Darell, and I make him and my nephew, Mr. George Tucker, executors. I request my faithful friend, Mr. John Neale, to take unto him the care of placing my son James as I have made known to Mr. Edward Stilstead. Witnesses: Elizabeth Bringfield, Richard Camden, Edward Stilsted. Proved 13 September 1638 by George Tucker and 9 July 1640 by Robert Darell, son of the deceased. (P. C. C., Lee, 106.)

     The Will of GEORGE TUCKER of Dartford, co. Kent, Gentleman[3] dated 23 August 1639. To be interred at the discretion of my executrix. To my eldest son, George Tucker, all my manor of Milton next Gravesend and all

[Footnotes]

     [1] Vide supra, p. 231, second footnote.
     [2] This testator was uncle of John, Robert, Henry, and Daniel Tucker, and brother-in-law of George Tucker, the testator of 1622.
     [3] Vide supra, p. 234, second footnote. This testator was half brother of John, Robert, and Henry Tucker, and ancestor of some of the Tuckers of the Bermuda Islands.



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my other lands in Milton, Gravesend, and Denton, except one field in Milton called the Sconsfield and an Inn in Milton, now in the occupation of John Francis, known as the Crowne and an Inn in Gravesend called the White Heart, bought of my father-in-law, Richard Sedley, Esq., not yet conveyed--to him and to his heirs male, with reversion to my second son, Francis, my third, son, Robert, and any other son born to me and my wife Elizabeth, in turn and to their heirs male. The Crowne is to go to my wife Elizabeth for life and then to such one of my sons as she shall appoint by will, and, failing such appointment, to my son George. To my said son George all my lands in the Sumer Ilands, otherwise called the Barmodoes, except the two shares that came to me by my uncle Daniel Tucker's will, one in the occupation of John Younge, planter, the other called the Timber share, which I give to my son Francis, and also two other sharesi n the occupation of the Widow Perinchef in Warwick tribe, purchased of Sir Robert Knight," which I give to my son Robert, the bequest to follow the same limitations as my lands given above. My wife is to have the profits of all my lands during the minority of my son George. All my adventures upon the sea and other rents shall be for payment of my debts and younger children's portions (for which also the excepted lands are to be sold, if necessary). To my second son, Francis, and to my youngest son, Robert, 400 each at the age of twenty-four, and, if my wife be delivered of another child, to it 400 at twenty-four if a son and at twenty-one or marriage if a daughter. To my daughter Elizabeth Tucker 1000 marks at twenty-one or at marriage with her mother's consent. The portion of any child dying under age is to be divided among the survivors. If all my sons die without heirs male, my lands in Bexley, Crayford, and Dartford, The Crowne, The Sconcefeild, The White Hart, and lands in the borough of Southwark are to go to my daughter Elizabeth and any other daughter I may have. I authorize my most honored friend, Sir John Wolstenholme the Younger, Knt., and my brother-in-law, Mr. John Sedley, to sell any of the before-mentioned lands and devise these lands to them; as those in Southwark are yet in lease and much improveable, I would have them the last sold, but give them entire discretion in the sales. The residue of lands unsold and overplus of money are to go to my son George. The remainder of the manor of Milton and lands in Milton, Denton, and Somer Ilands, if my sons die without issue, are to go to my brother John Tucker and his heirs, provided that my brother Robert Tucker be maintained like a gentleman, in decent apparel and habitation to his content for life, and that my brother Henry Tucker have 20 a year for life. All my goods undisposed of to my wife Elizabeth, my sold executrix, and I appoint as overseers Sir John Wolstenholme the Younger, Knt., my brother-in-law Jno Sedley, Gentleman, and my brother John Tucker, Gentleman; and I give to each of them 5 marks for rings in remembrance of me. To the poor of Digswell 40s., of Milton 40s., and of Gravesend 20s. Witnesses: John Sedley, George Tucker, John Darrell, Ann (?) Stoughton, Elizabeth Tucker.
     Administration cum testamento annexo was granted, 2 May 1648, to George Tucker, eldest son of the deceased, Elizabeth Tucker, the executrix named in the will, having died. (P. P. C., Essex, 68.)

     The Will of ROBERT THOMPSON of Lenham, co. Kent, Gentleman,[2] dated 1 September 1642. To my four daughters by my former wife the lands their mother brought me at our marriage which remain unsold, to them and their heirs equally, and also to each a ring of the value of 1 and a piece of plate

[Footnotes]

     [1] The abstract of this will published in The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography reads here: "Sir Robert Marvell, knight."
     [2] This testator was brother-in-law of John Tucker.


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of the value of 5. The residue to my wife Sara, whom I appoint sole executrix. Overseers: my brother-in-law John Tucker, Gentleman, and my brother Anthony Thompson, Gentleman. Witnesses: Henry Thompson, Mary Husy, John Davy. Proved 4 October 1642 by Sara Thompson, relict of the deceased. (Archdeaconry of Canterbury, original will.)

     The Will of SIR ROBERT DARELL, Knt.,[1] dated 16 July 1644. To be decently buried without any solemnity of torches or Black in the same manner I buried my father in my chancel called St. Katherine's Chancel in the parish of Little Chart. To the poor of the said parish 3--30s. at my burial and 30s. in the poor man's box. To the poor of Charing 3 in the like manner. To my wife, Dame Jane, my coah, my now usual coach geldings and money in her purse, her rings, jewels, and chamber plate upon her cupboard there, and a basin and ewer, all silver, which is used in my parlour, to be given to my son Edward after her death. All my other plate whatsover (excepting the basin and ewer that came from Waltham, the great gilt saltcellar and gilt spoons and the two flagon pots of silver, the greater and the lesser saltcellars, the spoons given to me by my Aunt Hales, the basin and ewer that my Lady Abergavenny gave me, the gilt tanker which was my first wife's with the Galthorpe arms upon it, and my silver pot with the lion engraven thereon) I give to my eldest son, Sir John Darell, Knt., in recompense and discharge of two small silver and gilt pots given him by my said Aunt Hales' will and of a small spout pot of silver given to him by Lady Boys, his godmother, which said pots, etc. I did change away, being old and of less value than the plate by me hereby given to him. To my wife all household stuff brough with her, all other household stuff (except hangings, pictures, tables, brass andirons, fire shovel, tongs, chairs, stools, and the greater and lesser Turkey carpets in my dining chamber), and all household stuff as came to me by my former wife; but such household stuff as came to me as executor from my later father and mother, the hangings, etc., excepted above, and what was given me by my Aunt Hales I wish to remain to my son, Sir John Darell, or to my eldest son at time of my death. To my wife 100, the chain of gold set with diamons and pearls which I bought for her and which cost me 210, and all my old gold, about 30, in lieu of moneys I borrowed from her. I forgive my brother Robert Darell all moneys he oweth me, about six or seven score pounds. To my brother John Darell the gilt tanker with the Galthorpe arms on it. To my brother, Capt. Nathaniel Darell, 20, and I forgive him the 15 I laid out for him when he sent his daughter into England. To my said brother Robert 20. To my son, Sir John, my tent, drums, colors, leading staff armor, and all other provisions tending to the war and all my books (not being law books) excepting six for my wife at her election. To my son Edward my law books, my chamber in Gray's Inn, and all furniture therein, my son Sir John to have his lodging there when he comes to London. To Anthony Balducke and his now wife 20 nobles apiece. To Thomas Scott, my servant and brewer, 40s., and to all my servants one quarter's wages. To my son James Darell and his heirs all my lands, etc., about 108 acres, in Hollingbourne, Harrietsham, Leeds, and Bromfield, co. Kent, which I bought of Thomas Stede, Esq., and Elizabeth, his wife, and other lands in those parishes, and also the parsonage or rectory of Halstowe, co. Kent, with all lands, tithes, etc., and term of years to come in the same. Whereas my son, Sir John, is bound in the sum of 1200 to William Sedley, Esq., Thomas Prude, Gentleman, and John Tucker, Gentleman, for payment of 600 as I require by my last will, he is to pay to my son James 200, to my son Christopher 200, and to my son Edward 200, within three years of my decease. All my other lands are by conveyances


[Footnotes]

     [1] This testator was uncle of John, Robert, and Henry Tucker.



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