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   While at the present time the percentage of illiterates in Bohemia is half of one percent, the fact remains that of those who came to our state in the early days but few had more than the most rudimentary schooling. This is but natural, for immigration was drawn from the poorer classes, for which a better livelihood was the main consideration and the law regarding compulsory attendance of school in Bohemia did not become effective until 1869. Besides, under Austrian despotism and caste system the peasants were repressed in intellectual matters. Many learned to read from Czech newspapers in this country and as far as Nebraska is concerned, the Pokrok Zapadu, for years the only newspaper here, played an important role in that respect, as well as that of attracting settlers. Mr. Thomas Capek, in his "Fifty Years of Czech Letters in America", says of Czech papers in this country:

   "The influence of newspapers was everywhere deep and of creative tendency. It was the newspapers that taught a neglected people to think independently. It was the newspapers that tried to liberate them from the domination of darkness and fear. Our younger generation can have no idea of the power wielded by Czech printing on immigrants who came between 1860 and 1875. People came by the tens of thousands, they were in need of wise counsellors, selfless leaders. The wide, unsettled, western plains beckoned to experienced farmers; the industries of the eastern cities, impoverished by the Civil War, began to awaken and need artisans and laborers. Who was to advise the immigrant? This office, honorable and sometimes replete with ingratitude, fell to the Czech editor. He was the vanguard, around which new settlements sprung. It is not true that newspapers always followed settlers. They did come into existence in some colonies already established, but the Pokrok Zapadu in Omaha always led. Nebraska contains the highest percentage of Czech people of the first generation, of all our agricultural states in the Union, and does anyone think that it comes about purely by accident?" --Mr. Capek proceeds further to show how hard and thorny was the path of those early journals and their editors, how they led their people in matters not only practical, but also social and cultural, and how they realized that not only the body but the mind and soul too must be fed, even in pioneer times. In these days, when the majority of that first generation has gone to its eternal rest, it is hard for their successors to appreciate the value of a medium that gave newcomers, in their own language, various information so needed by them, -- not only about lands, but about current events, our laws, politics, civic affairs, etc.

   The Pokrok Zapadu holds the record in Nebraska, for it was published unceasingly for fifty-one years. The next is the farm paper Hospodar, now in its thirty-sixth year and as flourishing as ever, for it has a national circulation, many copies being sent to Canada and Bohemia too. Emigration to the middle west ceased when the government and railroad lands were gone and this had a stultifying effect on the foreign-language papers. That is why those restricted to the midwestern territory cannot last. The Hospodar, having a larger scope, can maintain its position for years to come.

   Of the many publications listed in this chapter, all but the two just mentioned ceased to struggle after comparatively short careers. This is the fate of many small papers, but in this instance two factors especially played their parts. First, the large Czech dailies in Chicago publish semi-weeklies, using matter from their dailies, so that they can put out a larger paper at nominal cost, thus providing serious competition. The other, a more deadly and insidious factor is that the second and following generations, with but small exceptions, do not read Czech. When we add that of late immigration has been restricted and probably in the future always will be, it is easy to realize that the days of foreign-language papers in this country are gradually being numbered. At the present time the only other Czech paper published in Nebraska is the weekly Narodni Pokrok (National Progress) in Omaha, and it is more than probable that it is the last of its kind. Thirty-five Czech papers have been published in Nebraska, and in less than two generations they have dwindled down to the last but one. That alone tells the story.


   Founded by Edward Rosewater, who published it until 1877, when John Rosicky bought it. For a more detailed account of the beginings of this paper see the Introduction. Editors under Mr. Rosewater: V. L. Vodicka, Joseph Michal, Mr. Prazak, Vaclav Snajdr, F. B. Zdrubek, Joseph Novinsky and John Rosicky. Under Mr. Rosicky: V. A. Jung, Thomas Capek, R. V. Miskovsky, J. A. Oliverius, Rev. E. A. Bouska, J. R. Jicinsky, F. J. Kutak, J. V. Masek, John Cerny, J. K. Mazac, Joseph Bunata. After August, 1900, when Mr. Rosicky sold the paper to the Pokrok Publishing Company: F. J. Pribyl, Otakar Charvat, A. J. Havranek, Fr. Hais, J. J. Rezabek, Emil Tuma and Mrs. V. Bures. From August 1, 1871, the paper bore the name Pokrok Zapadu, from 1872 to 1873 Pokrok Zapadu a Amerikan (Progress of The West And American), the paper Amerikan having been bought from the Slavie, Racine, Wisconsin, and consolidated with it) then it was changed to Pokrok Zapadu again. From 1877 to August, 1889, it was published by John Rosicky, at which latter date he established the Pokrok Zapadu Printing Company, which in 1899 was changed to the National Printing Company, that is in name only. In 1892 the paper was made a semi-weekly. When the Pokrok Publishing Company (R. V. Miskovsky, President, Vaclav Bures Secretary, and Charles Steiger, Treasurer) took it over in August, 1900, within a short time it began to publish local editions for various Bohemian localities, as follow: Cretesky Pokrok (Crete Progress) and Wilbersky Tydennik (Wilber Weekly) for Saline County; Dakotsky Pokrok (Dakota Progress) for South Dakota; Iowsky Pokrok (Iowa Progress) for Iowa; Kansasky Pokrok (Kansas Progress) for Kansas and Minnesotsky Pokrok (Minnesota Progress) for Minnesota. After 1902 Mr. Vaclav Bures directed the affairs of the company, later acquiring sole ownership, and on November 1, 1915 made it into a daily. In 1920 he sold it to the weekly Hlasatel of Chicago, Illinois, and thus passed out, after fifty-one years of continuous existence, the first and for a few years the only Bohemian paper in Nebraska.

   1874--SALINE COUNTY POST, CRETE--Hoyt and Wells, publishers, printed one page in Bohemian, Cenek Duras was editor and compositor.

   July 1877-BESEDA (THE CIRCLE), WILBER--A weekly. Editor and publisher Joseph Novinsky. Thirteen issues were published.

   August 1880--VESTNIK BRATRSKY (FRATERNAL HERALD), OMAHA--A monthly devoted to the interests of the Bohemian Slavonian Benevolent Society. Editor John Rosicky. Suspended in January, 1881.

   October 1884--KVETY AMERICKE (AMERICAN BLOSSOMS), OMAHA--Illustrated monthly literary magazine containing, aside from the serial novel, only original contributions from Czech-American literati. The only magazine of its kind ever published in this country. An attempt, on the part of John Rosicky, to foster belles-letters and literary talent here. The following contributed original prose: Hugo Chotek, Jos. Dinebier, J. V. Capek, Thomas Capek, Bartos Bittner, John Rosicky, Fr. St. Hulicius. The following contributed poetry, some of it very good: Jos. Dinebier, Vac. Snajdr, F. K. Ringsmuth (pseudonym Jaromil Kvetensky), Slav Beranek, J. R. Jicinsky, Rev. (now Monsignore) Klein. V. A. Jung contributed original verse and very good translations from Longfellow and Tennyson. At the end of the third volume (the second and third were under the editorship of Jaromil Kvetensky) the publication was suspended, largely through lack of advertising patronage and the bi-weekly Knihovna Americka (American Library) published instead.

   July 1885--NOVA VLAST (NEW HOMELAND), NORTH BEND--A weekly newspaper. Anton K. Walla, V. Virka, F. Mizera and J. Mensik, publishers. F. H. Jerabek, editor. In July, 1886, the paper was moved to Omaha; where John A. Hospodsky became owner and editor. In October of that year its name was changed to Narodni Listy (National News).

   October 1886--NARODNI LISTY (NATIONAL NEWS), OMAHA--A weekly. Frank J. Kaspar, publisher. John A. Hospodsky, editor. Suspended in May, 1888.

   March 1887--NOVA DOBA (NEW ERA), SCHUYLER--A weekly newspaper, published by The Literary Society, Schuyler, Nebraska. Hugo Chotek and F. K. Ringsmuth, editors. In 1892 a company formed by Joseph Smatlan, J. A. Fiala, John Pekar, F. K. Ringsmuth and J. K. Sinkule took it over, but publication was suspended June 7, 1892.

   October 1887--KNIHOVNA AMERICKA (AMERICAN LIBRARY), OMAHA--A bi-weekly, containing only novels, in book-page size, so that the installments could he bound into a book. John Rosicky, publisher From 1887 to 1900, when publication was suspended, the following novels and stories had been published in it:

   1887--DAUGHTERS OF THE SOUTH--By Xavier de Montepin. WALLENSTEIN--By Karel Herlos. GYPSY TALES-By J. L. Hrdina.

   1888--A FIFTEEN-YEAR-OLD CAPTAIN--By Jules Verne. WALLENSTEIN--By Karel Herlos, adapted by Dr. J. B. Pichl.


   1890--THE HERITAGE OF THE AZTECS--By P. Duplessis. VIT AND ANICKA--By Ladislav Hejtmanek. The IRONY OF LIFE--By Ladislav Hejtmanek. THE MONARCH OF THE WORLD--By Alexander Dumas. MOUNTAIN WHITE--MOUNTAIN CURSED--By Jacob Arbes. A SONG OF FREEDOM--By Jacob Arbes.

   1891--THE FATAL KISS--By Julia Janecek. THE FLUTE PLAYER--By Julia Janecek. AFTER MIDNIGHT--By Vaclav Vlcek.

   1892--THE WANDERING JEW--By Eugene Sue. FOR ANOTHER'S SIN--By J. L. Hrdina. ELBA AND WATERLOO--By Ferdinand Stolle. THE MYSTERY OF THE CRIME IN PORTER SQUARE--By B. C. Farjeon. FROM THE AIRY BATH--By Ladislav Hejtmanek THE BLUE SKY--By Ladislav Hejtmanek.

   1893--FOR A FATHER'S HONOR--By Xavier de Montepin. A RAILWAY NOCTURNO--By Irma Geisslova.

   1894--WHITE MOUNTAIN--By L. Rellstab.

   1895--A FATAL PATH--By E. Gaborieau.

   1896--IN FOREIGN SERVICE--By Alois Jirasek.

   1897--IN THE DAWN OF THE CHALICE--By Vaclav Benes-Trebizsky. IN THE LUSTRE OF THE CHALICE--By Vaclav Benes-Trebizsky.

   1898--NEW MYSTERIES OF PARIS--By Ponson du Terrail. Six volumes.

   1900--AMID THE CURRENTS--By Alois Jirasek. Three volumes.

National Printing Company building

   March 1891--HOSPODAR (THE FARMER), OMAHA--An agricultural paper, Pokrok Zapadu Publishing Company, publishers. (Later name changed to National Printing Company). Editors under direction of Mr. John Rosicky; L. W. Dongres, Joseph Cerny, Jaroslav Hancik, John J. Janak, J. E. Kroupa. After Mr. Rosicky's death in 1910: J. E. Kroupa, Rose Rosicky, John Janak, Anton Piskac and Joseph Brezacek, the present editor. During the first two years it was National Printing Company building published as a monthly, after that as a bi-weekly, until 1920, when it was changed to a semi-monthly. At time of writing it is still a very thriving and influential paper, reaching Czechs all over the United States and Canada and many hundreds copies are sent to Bohemia. It disseminates information about American ways of farming that many could get in no other way.

   September 1891--PRITEL LIDU (THE PEOPLE'S FRIEND), WAHOO--Moved to Wilber in 1893. A populist weekly. John A. Hospodsky, publisher and editor. In 1915 it was sold to the daily Hlasatel, Chicago, Ill.

   January l892--NOVE DOBY LISTY SVATECNI (SUNDAY SUPPLEMENT TO NEW ERA), SCHUYLER--A supplement to the weekly Nova Doba, containing novels. Editor and publisher F. K. Ringsmuth. Suspended in 1892, at the time of suspension of the weekly.

   June 1892--NOVINY (NEWS), WILBER--A weekly newspaper. Hanzelin Bros., publishers and editors. Suspended during the first year.

   August l892--KOTVA (THE ANCHOR), SCHUYLER--A weekly newspaper. Priborsky and Co., publishers. J. Em. Kroupa, editor. Suspended December 13, 1893.

   September 1892--THE BOHEMIAN VOICE (IN ENGLISH), OMAHA--The organ of the Czech Americans in the United States. Bohemian-American National Alliance, publishers. Thomas Capek and later J. J. Kral, editors. Suspended November, 1894.

   July l893--WILBERSKE LISTY (WILBER NEWS), WILBER--A weekly newspaper. Publisher F. J. Hanzelin. Editor Vaclav Fuchs. In September, 1894, merged with the Delnicke Listy of Omaha.

   November l893--SVIT (THE GLEAM), SCHUYLER--A weekly newspaper. J. Priborsky and F. K. Ringsmuth, publishers. F. K. Ringsmuth, editor. In 1894 moved to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, suspended there in 1902.

   May 1894--DELNICKE LISTY (LABOR NEWS), OMAHA--A weekly newspaper. Bohemian Typographical Union No. 21, publishers. J. F. Pribyl, L. W. Dongres and J. Em. Kroupa, editors. In July, 1898, bought by S. L. Kostoryz, who changed it to Osveta.

   January l898--BRATRSKY VESTNIK (FRATERNAL HERALD), OMAHA--A monthly organ of the Western Bohemian Fraternal Association, publisher. John Rosicky, editor. After his death in 1910 F. J. Kutak and later Stanislav Serpan, editors. In January, 1913, it was moved to Cedar Rapids, Iowa, as to publishing, but Mr. Serpan is still editor, in Omaha.

   1898--OSVETA (ENLIGHTENMENT), OMAHA--A semi-weekly newspaper, later changed to a daily, being the first Czech daily in Nebraska. Bohemian American Newspaper Union, publishers. S. L. Kostoryz and later F. J. Kutak, editors. Kostohryz not only established the first Czech daily in Nebraska, but was the first to put into practice publishing editions for Czech localities in the state. He published the Wilberske Listy (Wilber News) for Saline County, Cesky Obzor (Bohemian Horizon) for Colfax County. In 1903 the paper was merged with the Kvety Americke II, and the name of Osveta Americka (American Enlightenment) given it. At that time too it was a weekly again.

   November 1900--KVETY AMERICKE II (AMERICAN BLOSSOMS II,) OMAHA--An illustrated literary weekly, published by the National Printing Company. Joseph Valasek (pseudonym Sigma) editor. In 1903 it was merged with the Osveta and called Osveta Americka, a weekly.

   January 1901--ZLATA HVEZDA (THE GOLDEN STAR), SCHUYLER--A monthly magazine for children. F. H. Svoboda, publisher and editor. In 1902 it was changed to a semi-monthly. suspended in April, 1903.

   December 1902--ZABAVNE LISTY (DIVERTISEMENT), OMAHA--A weekly of the daily Osveta. Suspended when that paper was merged with the Kvety Americke II.

Riha Printing Company building, where the weekly Narodni Pokrok is published.

   August 1903--OSVETA AMERICKA (AMERICAN ENLIGHTENMENT), OMAHA--An illustrated weekly newspaper. National Printing Company, publisher. F. J. Kutak, Alois Janda, Vaclav Fuks, John J. Janak, J. F. Prachensky, editors. Changed to Kvety Americke III in September 1916.

   September 1903--VLAST (HOMELAND), OMAHA--A Catholic weekly newspaper. Joseph M. Roucek, publisher and editor. Suspended in third volume.

   December 1904--DOMACI NOVINY (LOCAL NEWS), CLARKSON--A weekly newspaper. Anton Odvarka, publisher and editor. In 1910 it was taken over by his sons Anton Jr. and Otto, who sold it to the Narodni Pokrok in March, 1924. During the period Odvarka Brothers published it, they also published a weekly Ozvena Zapadu (Echo Of The West), containing matter from Local News, but adapted for other localities. They now publish an English-language paper, the weekly The Colfax County Press, established in August, 1914.

   January 1908--KOMENSKY (COMENIUS), LINCOLN--A monthly magazine, the organ of the Komensky Educational Clubs, publishers. Prof. Sarka M. Hrbkova, editor-in-chief, Ferdinand L. Musil and L. H. Straka, associates. Later Ferdinand L. Musil and Prof. C. Knizek, editors. Suspended December, 1918.

   January 1910--ZIVOT (LIFE), CRETE--A Protestant monthly. G. W. Ishan, Rev. K. J. Sladek and John Drahovzal, publishers. Rev. K. J. Sladek, editor. In 1918 Rev. Sladek moved it to Oklahoma City, Okla.

   May 1910--CESKO-AMERICKY VENKOV (BOHEMIAN-AMERICAN COUNTRY LIFE), OMAHA--An agricultural monthly. Pokrok Publishing Company, publishers, John Janak, L. W. Dongres, J. J. Rezabek, Bohumil Stradal, J. Em. Kroupa and J. V. Klabouch, editors. In 1915 it was changed to a bi-monthly and discontinued in 1917.

   Spring of 1910--ZVON (THE BELL), OMAHA--A monthly literary magazine. Nebraska Printing Company, publisher. Otakar Charvat, editor. Eight or nine numbers were published, suspended in fall of the same year.

   October 14, 1911--NOVA DOBA (NEW ERA), OMAHA--A weekly newspaper. Bohemian-American Publishing Company, publishers. Organizers thereof, Otto Charvat, F. J. Kutak, J. L. Padrnos, M. F. Tetiva, J. K. Sinkule E. E. Placek, John Franek, Joseph Fiala, F. W. Bartos, Frank Jerman, J. C. Vana. Published to 1914 on the South Side (South Omaha) in that year moved and changed to a semi-weekly, and Jos. L. Padrnos became publisher. F. J. Kutak, Otto Charvat, J. L. Padrnos, Joseph Matula, J. F. Prachensky, editors. Suspended December 31, 1918.

   February 1913--DRUBEZNICKE LISTY (POULTRY JOURNAL), BENSON (A suburb of Omaha)--Monthly poultry magazine. Editor and publisher Anton K. Backora. In 1917 moved to Omaha and published by the Cooperative Printing Company, Anton K. Backora, editor. In 1918 moved to Chicago by John Janak, who became publisher and editor, but shortly thereafter was suspended.

   1916--KVETY AMERICKE III (AMERICAN BLOSSOMS III), OMAHA--Illustrated bi-monthly magazine during 1916 and 1917, changed to a weekly in the third volume. National Printing Company, publishers, J. Em. Kroupa, editor. Suspended June 4, 1919.

   1921--NARODNI POKROK (NATIONAL PROGRESS), OMAHA--A weekly newspaper. Riha Printing Company, publisher. Otakar Charvat, editor.

   The Pokrok Zapadu and Narodni Listy were Republican papers, Pritel Lidu a Populist, the rest were Democrat or Independent, largely the former.

Books, Brochures, Pamphlets, Etc.

   1873--OMAHA--Do You Speak English? A new English grammar. (Nova anglicka mluvnice). Published by Cenek Duras.

   OMAHA--Bohemian-English Grammar, Volume I (Cesko-Anglicka mluvnice dil I). Purchased by Aug. Geringer, Chicago, Ill., who published vol. II and bound both in one book and sold it.

   OMAHA--A Handbook of Union Pacific Railroad Company Lands in Nebraska, with Maps. (Prirucni knizka o pozemcich drahy Union Pacific ve statu Nebrasce, s mapami). Pokrok Zapadu, printer.

   OMAHA--The Geneology of God. (Rodopis Boha--Matice Svobody I). F. B. Zdrubek, author and publisher.

   1874--OMAHA--The Constitution of the United States. (Ustava Spojenych Statu). F. B. Zdrubek (editor of Pokrok Zapadu) translator and publisher.

   OMAHA--Origin of the World. (Jak povstal svet--Matice Svobody II). F. B. Zdrubek, author and publisher.

   OMAHA--Evolution of Right. (Vyvoj prava, aneb co je hrich a co neni--Matice Svobody III). F. B. Zdrubek, author and publisher.

   OMAHA--The Youth of Jesus. (Mladi Jezisovo--Matice Svobody IV). F. B. Zdrubek, author and publisher.

   1875--OMAHA--Description of Nebraska and Burlington & Missouri Lands in Nebraska. (Popis Nebrasky a pozemku drahy Burlington-Missouri v Nebrasce). Pokrok Zapadu, printer.

   OMAHA--Message of Gov. Robert W. Furnas. (Poselstvi guv. Robt. W. Furnase). Edward Rosewater, printer.

   OMAHA--A Catechism of the Scotch Presbyterian Church. (Katechismus skotske presbyterianske cirkve). Scotch Presbyterian Church, publisher. Pokrok Zapadu, printer.

   1877--OMAHA--Description of Nebraska and Union Pacific Lands. (Popis Nebrasky a pozemku drahy Union Pacific). Pokrok Zapadu, printer.

   1878--OMAHA--Message of Gov. Silas A. Garber. (Poselstvi guv. Silase A. Garbera). Pokrok Zapadu, printer.

   1882--OMAHA--Jan Hus. An historical novel by Karel Herlos. Reprint by Pokrok Zapadu.

   OMAHA--Jan Zizka. An historical novel by same author. Reprint by Pokrok Zapadu.

   1883--OMAHA--The Last Taborite. (Posledni Taborita). An historical novel by Karel Herlos. Reprint by Pokrok Zapadu.

   1855--OMAHA--Nebraska School Laws. (Zakony skolni v Nebrasce). John Rosicky, translator. Pokrok Zapadu, publisher. The same, amended, were published again in 1896 and 1902 by the National Printing Company.

   1889--OMAHA--Monuments of Cech Immigration to America. (Pamatky ceskych emigrantu v Americe). Thomas Capek, author. Pokrok Zapadu, publisher. Second edition printed in 1907.

   SCHUYLER--The Black Shadow of Love. (Cerny stinlasky). F. K. Ringsmuth, publisher and author.

   1890--OMAHA--The Kralodvorsky and Zelenohorsky, Manuscripts. (Rukopisy kralodvorsky a zelenohorsky). A lecture by J. A. Oliverius, about the manuscripts and the poems themselves. Pokrok Zapadu, publisher.

   1893--OMAHA--The Blacksmith of Lesetin. (Lesetinsky kovar). A poem by Svatopluk Cech, confiscated by the Austrian government for its patriotic tone. Reprint by Pokrok Zapadu Printing Co.

   1894-A Small Catechism (Presbyterian). Compiled by Rev. John Pipal. Printed by Pokrok Zapadu Printing Co.

   1896--Bohemians and Their Struggle for Autonomy. (Cechove a jejich zapas o samospravu). Pokrok Zapadu, publisher. L. J. Palda, author.

   Presbyterian Songs. (Pisne evangelicke). Rev. John Rundus, compiler. Presbyterian Board, publisher. Volume II published in 1898. Rev. Rundus lived in Crete, Nebraska, at the time.

   1897--WlLBER--Chodove, a Play. John A. Hospodsky, publisher. Joseph Dvorak. adaptor. This play was given in Wilber and Omaha, Nebraska, Chicago, Illinois, and Prague, Bohemia.

   1900--OMAHA--Horse Diseases. (Nemoci konske). National Printing Company, publishers. Dr. C. H. Breuer, author.

   1902--OMAHA--Father Kneipp's Water Cure. (Kneippovo leceni). Reprint from translation by J. Jezek, Bohemia. National Printing Company, publishers.

   OMAHA--National Home Cook Book. (Narodni Domaci Kucharka). National Printing Company, publishers. Mary Rosicky (wife of John Rosicky) author. Sixth edition printed in 1925.

   OMAHA--A Book of Toasts. (Kniha pripitku). National Printing Company, publisher. Alois Janda, compiler.

   OMAHA--Meditations on a New Religion. (Myslenky o novem nabozenstvi). National Printing Company, publisher. L. J. Palda, author.

   OMAHA--National Bohemian-American Song Book. (Zpevnik narodni cesko-americky). National Printing Company, publisher. Alois Janda, compiler. A smaller edition published in 1903.

   1904--OMAHA--National Declamation Book. (Besednik narodni a deklamator ceskoamericky). National Printing Company, publisher. Alois Janda, compiler. A smaller edition published in 1903.

   1906--OMAHA--Conditions in America. (Jak je v Americe). National Printing Company, publisher. John Rosicky, author.

   OMAHA--Etchings and Stories. (Kresby a povidky). Otakar Charvat, publisher and author.

   1907--OMAHA--Vanished Roads. (Ztracene cesty). Otakar Charvat, publisher and author.

   OMAHA--A Collection of National and Patriotic Songs. (Sbirka pisni narodnich a vlasteneckych). Music for piano, and text. Second edition. National Printing Company, publisher.

   1908--OMAHA--Modern Poultry Keeping. (Drubeznictvi nove doby). National Printing Company, publisher. F. X. Basta, author.

   OMAHA--Home Treatment of the Sick. (Domaci leceni). National Printing Company, publisher. Dr. C. H. Breuer, author.

   OMAHA-Canning and Preserving Fruit. (Nakladani a preservovani ovoce). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator. Another edition printed in 1923 under the title of How to Make Use of Fruit (Zuzitkovani ovoce).

   1909--OMAHA--Several Important Laws--Immigration Law of February 20, 1907--Naturalization Law of June 29, 1906--Loss of Property of March 2, 1907. (Nekolik dulezitych zakonu--Pristehovalecky z 20. unora 1907--Naturalizacni z 29. cervna 1906--O ztrate majetku z 2. brezna 1907). National Printing Company, publisher. Dr. J. E. Salaba--Vojan, translator.

   OMAHA--Questions and Answers Relating to Irrigation Law. (Otazky a odpovedi vztahujici se na zakon o zavodnovani). National Printing Company, publisher. J. E. Kroupa, translator and adapter.

   OMAHA--The Merchant and Poet. (Kupec a basnik). A play. National Printing Company, publisher. Longin Folda, author.

   OMAHA--In the Mists. (V mlhach). A novel. Bohemian-American Publishing Co., publisher. Jan Harris Zachar (V. V. Miniberger) author.

   OMAHA--Canning Vegetables at Home. (Domaci zavarovani zelenin). National Printing Company, publisher. J. Em. Kroupa, translator and adapter.

   OMAHA--Father Vojtech. (Pater Vojtech). Reprint of a novel by Jan Klecanda. Pokrok Publishing Company, publisher.

   OMAHA--On the Threshold of a New World. (Na prahu noveho sveta). Pokrok Publishing Company, publisher. V. A. Jung, author.

   1910--St. Anthony of Padua. (Svaty Antonius Paduansky). A versified humorous account. National Printing Company, publisher. J. V. Capek, translator. Busch, author.

   1911--OMAHA--Canning and Drying Vegetables. (Zuzitkovani zelenin). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter. (Second edition printed in 1918.)

   1912---OMAHA--Practical American Bee-Keeper. (Practicky americky vcelar). National Printing Company, publisher, Anton Kaspar and J. Em. Kroupa, authors. Second edition in 1929, Anton Kaspar, author.

   1913--OMAHA--The Farmer's Practical Guide. (Farmaruv prakticky radce). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, author.

   OMAHA--Herb Book. (Herbar). National Printing Company, publisher. J. Em. Kroupa and Emil Cermak, authors. Second edition, 1922.

   OMAHA--Failure. (Upadek). Reprint of a novel by Bohumil Brodsky. Nova Doba Publishing Company, publisher.

   OMAHA--Patriots in Oblivion. (Zapadli vlastenci). Reprint of novel by Karel V. Rais. Nova Doba Publishing Co., publishers.

   1914--OMAHA--Poultry Diseases. (Choroby drubeze). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter. Second edition, 1921.

   1914--OMAHA--Ancient Bohemian Legends. (Stare povesti ceske). Reprint from book by Alois Jirasek. Nova Doba Publishing Company.

   1915--OMAHA--Bohemian-American Cook Book. An English translation of the National Home Cook Book. National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, daughter of the author, translator. Second edition printed in 1925.

   OMAHA--The New Settler. (Novy osadnik). A guide for settlers in timbered countries. National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter.

   OMAHA--Economical Use of Meat in the Home. (Hospodarne zuzitkovani masa v domacnosti). Translated from Farmers' Bulletin 391, by Rose Rosicky. National Printing Company, publisher.

   OMAHA--The Last Trial and At the Deanery. (Posledni soud a Na dekanstvi). Reprint from novels by J. S. Baar. Nova Doba Publishing Company, publisher.

   OMAHA--Almanac Nova Doba. Compiled by J. L. Padrnos, published by Nova Doba Publishing Company. Also for 1916 and 1917.

   1916--OMAHA--Handbook on Orcharding. (Sadarstvi a steparstvi). National Printing Company, publishers. John Janak, author. Second edition in 1929.

   OMAHA--Butchering and Smoking Meat on the Farm. (Reznictvi a uzenarstvi na farme). National Printing Company, publisher, John Janak, translator and adapter. Second edition printed in 1920.

   OMAHA--Rabbit Keeping. (Kralikarstvi). National Printing Company, publisher. Anton Piskac, author.

   OMAHA--Almanac Pioneer. (Kalendar Pionyr). National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler. Published also for 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920 and 1921, same compiler and publisher.

   OMAHA--The Grandmother. (Babicka). Reprint of the story of Bohemian life by Bozena Nemcova. National Printing Company, publisher. Second edition printed in 1918.

   OMAHA--National Legends. (Narodni povesti). Reprint from book by Karel Jar. Erben. Nova Doba Publishing Company, publisher.

   1917--OMAHA--Stock Raising. (Chov dobytka). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, author.

   OMAHA--Manufacture of Alcohol. (Vyroba lihu). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter.

   OMAHA--Diseases of Cattle, Hogs, Sheep. (Zverolekar). National Printing Company, publisher. Dr. R. Heller, author.

   OMAHA--Conversations Between a Careful and Careless Farmer. (Dbal a Nedbal). Reprinted from articles by Vojta Chladek, in the Hospodar. National Printing Company, publisher.

   OMAHA--Cement Work on the Farm. (Cement a beton na farme). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter.

   1918--OMAHA--Practical Hints for the Household. (Sbirka predpisu a rad pro domacnost). National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler.

   OMAHA--American Poultry Keeping. (Americke drubeznictvi). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter.

   OMAHA--Small Fruits. (Drobne ovoce a jeho pestovani). National Printing Company, publisher. K. O. Horak (J. Em. Kroupa) author.

   OMAHA--Economical Cook Book. (Usporna kucharka). National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler.

   1919--OMAHA--Cake, Cookie and Confectionery Cook Book. (Cukrar a pernikar). National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler. Second edition printed in 1924. Published in English in 1928.

   OMAHA--Information about Eyes, Ears, Nose and Throat. (Poucne pojednani o ocich, usich, nose a hrtanu). Dr. J. J. Warta, author and publisher.

   OMAHA--Hide Tanning. (Vydelavani kuzi). National Printing Company, publisher. John Janak, translator and adapter. Second edition, 1929.

   1920--OMAHA--Fourth Edition of Recipes for Beverages, Syrups, Vinegars and Ice Cream. (Domaci priprava ovocnych napoju, limonad, sladu, syrobu, octu a zmrzlin). Record lost on first edition. National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler.

   OMAHA--Vegetable Gardening. (Domaci zelinarstvi). National Printing Company, publisher. J. Em. Kroupa, author.

   1921--OMAHA--History of the United States. (Desjepis Spojenych Statu). National Printing Company, publisher. Translated by Rose Rosicky from book written by S. E. Forman.

   OMAHA--Useful and Practical Contrivances for the Farm. (Uzitecna a prakticka zarizeni na farme. National Printing Company, publisher. Rose Rosicky, compiler.

   1922--Story of My Life (Z meho zivota). Autobiography of Joseph Miller (Nedbal). National Printing Company, publisher. Joseph Miller, author.

   The books written by Catholic priests in our state are not listed here, because they were published outside of Nebraska. They are:

   "On American Soil" (poems), John Vranek.

   "From the Prairie" (poems), "Bohemian John" (poems), "History of the Bohemian Catholic Parish of St. Vaclav in Dodge County" and "The Antiquity of Man in America", by John Stephen Broz.

   A translation of Dr. May's novel, "In the Pacific Ocean," by Alois J. Klein.

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