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The History of Platte County Nebraska

She is studying nursing at Clarkson Memorial Hospital in Omaha. Maureen, born at Pender, Nebraska, attends Kramer High School in Columbus. William C., born at Albion, Oklahoma, April 1, 1937, attends school in District 2, Bismark Township.

In 1944, Reverend Goede was instrumental in enlarging St. John's Lutheran Church. He holds membership in the Brotherhood of the United Lutheran Church of the Midwest Synod.

Politically, Reverend Goede is a Democrat.


Phillip Goering, born in Germany, January 26, 1857, immigrated to the United States with his parents in 1866, when he was nine years old. The family settled on a farm in Bureau County, Illinois. Phillip attended the school near his home, and when he grew to manhood, was employed on his father's farm.

On April 17, 1881, he married Mrs. Goering. After their marriage, they lived on a farm in Bureau County, Illinois, for ten years. In 1891, they came to Platte County, and settled in Grand Prairie Township. Even at that late date, they endured the trials and hardships of a new country. However, they achieved success in their work and made many friends in their new home.

On March 17, 1931, they celebrated their Golden Wedding Anniversary, in Grand Prairie Township, where they had lived for forty years.

Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Goering were the parents of nine children: Fred G., of Cedar Rapids, Nebraska; Elizabeth, Mrs. Ray Miller, of Shelby, Nebraska, now deceased; Phillip, of Creston, Nebraska; John G., deceased; Emma, Mrs. Arthur Lutjens, of Platte Center, Nebraska; and Henry G., William, Herman, and Albert.

Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Goering were charter members of the Zion Lutheran Church, of Grand Prairie Township.


Reverend Carl R. Goldenstein was born May 20, 1908, in Hastings, Nebraska, and came to Platte County on July 12, 1946, from Hanover, Kansas, to assume his duties as pastor of the Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church, in Columbus. He is one of a family of five, the son of John R. and Anna Hinrichs Goldenstein, both natives of Germany. His father, a farmer, was born July 13, 1863, and died February 14, 1925, at Glenvil, Nebraska. His mother, born June 13, 1873, died December 17, 1945, in Glenvil.

Reverend Carl R. Goldenstein attended school in Glenvil, was graduated from Glenvil High School, and then entered the Martin Luther Seminary, at Lincoln, where he studied theology. Upon completion of his course, he was ordained a Lutheran minister.

On January 6, 1932, the Reverend Carl Goldenstein was united in marriage to Ilse Michelmann, daughter of Reverend G. H. and Elizabeth Christine Klemme Michelmann. Her father, a Lutheran minister, was born July 1, 1871, in Germany, and died August 2, 1941, in Grand Island, Nebraska. Her mother was born in Indiana, December 24, 1874. Ilse has two brothers and two sisters.

Reverend Carl R. and Ilse Michelmann Goldenstein have two sons, Gordon R., born December 13, 1935, in Lodge Pole, Nebraska, and Michael C., born April 21, 1946, in Beatrice, Nebraska. Gordon attended school in Hanover, Kansas, and the Junior High School, and Kramer High School in Columbus.

Reverend Carl R. Goldenstein had nine months military service during World War II, in 1942-1943. He is a member of the American Legion.


Paul Ronald Gorman, son of Daniel B. and Minnie Barrett Gorman, was born October 7, 1893, at Creston, Nebraska. His father, a farmer, born December 21, 1865, at Warner, Illinois, died August 1, 1914, at Creston. His mother, born August 14, 1868, in Ireland, died September 10, 1937, in Creston. Paul has six brothers and three sisters: Myrtle E., now Mrs. J. O. Bellsnop; Guy W.; Edith I., now Mrs. Harry Palmateer; Inez C., Mrs. Joseph Hamling; Floyd, Frank, Roy, Elmer, and George.

Paul Gorman attended School District 58, at Creston, and has since been engaged in farming.

On January 17, 1920, at Fremont, Nebraska, he married Gertrude Long, daughter of John and Louise Gates Long, both natives of Tipton, Indiana. Mr. Long, born September 3, 1859, a painter and decorator, died December 16, 1941, at Tipton, Indiana. Mrs. Long was born November 5, 1866. Gertrude had three sisters.

Mr. and Mrs. Paul Gorman have one daughter, Margaret Louise, born December 14, 1921, at Creston. Margaret Louise attended Hastings College and Midland College, at Fremont, and taught school for three and a half years, in Nebraska. She is the wife of Fred Gigax, of Creston, and they have a son, Paul Fredrich.

Paul Ronald Gorman is in the trucking business, and is interested in livestock raising. He has worked as a clerk in the Farmer's Store, in Creston, and has been an agent for the Standard Oil Company.

During World War 1, he served two years, September 20, 1917, to August 29, 1919, in the United States Army, at Meuse Argonne, Marne, St. Mihiel, Belleau Woods, Verdun, and Chateau Thierry. He had the rating of corporal, and was champion wrestler, lightweight class, in his regiment, Fourth Division. After the war, he was in the Army of Occupation, and traveled all over the occupied territory with the Division Athletic Team to entertain the soldiers. His name appears in the 1918-1919 edition of "Who's Who," for having had a poem published in the Literary Digest, during the war, that was in The Watch on the Rhine, Third Division newspaper.

Mr. Gorman is interested in baseball, football, and basketball. He is a member of the American Legion and is a Presbyterian.

(Note: Typo - Sister Myrtle married J. O. BELKNAP)




Max Gottberg, son of Frederick W. and Bertha Gottberg, born January 22, 1860, in Brooklyn, New York, was the first Columbus Ford dealer. He attended school in Brooklyn, and at an early age, went to work on a tugboat from Wappingersa Falls to Hamburg, New York. Following that, he learned the weaving trade and was employed for three years in the wool and silk mills in New Jersey.

After the death of his father, Max, then twenty, accompanied by his mother, two brothers, and two sisters, came west to Columbus, Nebraska, arriving here February 15, 1881. His mother bought eighty acres of railroad land, north of Columbus for five dollars an acre, and the family set up in farming. A few years later, she sold the farm to Max and moved to Arkansas.

While living on the farm, Max met and married Ida Schaad, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Schaad. The ceremony was performed June 21, 1883. The Schaads had come to Platte County from Switzerland, in 1866, and located on a farm in Bismark Township, north of Columbus. Ida was born October 13, 1860, in Schwantshauser Canton Aarwangen, Switzerland, and came to the United States at the age of six, with her parents. She attended the district school and grew up in Bismark Township.

After their marriage, Max and Ida Schaad Gottberg established their home on his eighty-acre farm, in Shell Creek Township, where they lived until 1892, when he bought one hundred sixty acres of land from Henry Burke, two miles from their first farm.

Besides farming, Mr. Gottberg was interested in machinery. He owned and operated the first steam threshing machine in Platte County, from 1899-1907. In 1903, he attended the World's Fair, in St. Louis, and purchased there his first automobile, which had two cylinders. At that time, Howard Clark, Columbus banker, and Charles Dack, owner of the Dack Drug Store, on Thirteenth Street, now Miessler's Drug Store, were the only other automobile owners in Columbus. In 1905, when August Wagner was having trouble getting a mechanic to fix his Ford, Max Gottberg offered to do it. That was the beginning of his career as an auto mechanic. Soon after, he started a repair shop on his farm, and in 1906, took a contract to sell a small make of car. After a year of selling on the farm, he moved into Columbus in 1907, bought the old Hubert Hotel and built the first garage in Columbus. As his business grew, he enlarged the building. In 1920, Gottberg & Sons built the present two-story building on the same site, at the northwest corner of Thirteenth Street and Twenty-eighth Avenue, at the cost of sixty-five thousand dollars.

On the opening of his garage, Max Gottberg also sold gasoline. He was probably the second gasoline and oil dealer, as Park Miller had preceded him in that field.

Max and Ida Gottberg had six sons: Max, Jr. married Louise Arndt, and lives in Columbus, where he was formerly associated with his father's company; Jacob married Bertha Schwank, and they farm in Shell Creek Township; Oscar lives in Phoenix, Arizona; Alex married Margaret Banish* and farms in Columbus Township, north of Columbus; Milton married Jane Westercamp and owns and operates the Ford Automobile Agency, at Fairfield, Iowa; John, previous to his death on December 7, 1938, had a Ford Agency at Sigourney, Iowa.

Max Gottberg was in the automobile business from 1907 until November, 1944. He held memberships in the Odd Fellows, Woodmen of the World, the Columbus Chamber of Commerce, the Rotary Club, and the Wayside Country Club. The Gottbergs were Lutherans. Mrs. Gottberg died September 9, 1933, and Max Gottberg died November 16, 1944.

(* Maiden name Banasch on page 593)


Max Frederick Gottberg, known as Max, Jr., was born in Columbus, October 16, 1885, the son of Max and Ida Schaad Gottberg. He had five brothers: Jacob, Oscar, Alex, Milton, and John, deceased.

Max, Jr. attended the district school near his home and the Columbus Business College. Prior to his association with his father in the automobile business, he farmed. He moved to Columbus with his parents, and assisted his father in the Gottberg Garage, on Twenty-eighth Avenue and Thirteenth, from 1907 to 1937. During this time, the names of Ford and Gottberg were synoymous (sic) in Columbus. The Ford Automobile Agency and Farm Machinery Agency were discontinued by the company in 1937, and the firm turned over a large part of the garage for storage and specialized in the repair business.

Max continued in this business until the summer of 1946, when the Gottberg building and business were purchased by the Wilcynski, Treadway, and Bray Auto Company. The building was later purchased by E. M. Nielsen, who leased it to the Treadway, Jr. Motor Company, who had the agency for Kaiser-Fraser cars in Columbus at that time.

On September 17, 1928, in Fremont, Nebraska, Max Frederick Gottberg married Louise Arndt, daughter of William F. and Caroline Siebler Arndt. Mr. Arndt was born July 6, 1866, in Brandenburg, Germany, and died May 15, 1944, in Columbus. Mrs. Arndt was born January 12, 1871, in Noettingben, Baden,. Germany, and died November 16, 1939, in Columbus. Louise has a sister, Esther, the wife of W. C. Pozehl, of Columbus, and a brother, Elmer, who is employed by Henry Alpers and Sons, of Columbus.

Max, Jr. and Louise Arndt Gottberg have one daughter, Betty, born July 24, 1930. She attended Third Ward School, the Immanuel Lutheran Parochial School, and was graduated from Kramer High School, in 1948. She attended Doane College, at Crete, Nebraska.

Mr. and Mrs. Max Gottberg are members of the Immanuel Lutheran Church, in Columbus.

The History of Platte County Nebraska


Jacob Werner Gottberg, prominent Shell Creek Township farmer, was born in Platte County, April 20, 1886. He is the son of Max and Ida Schaad Gottberg. Jake Gottberg was one of six sons. The others are: Max, Oscar, Alex, and Milton. John died December 7, 1938, at Sigourney, Iowa.

Jacob attended school in Districts 35 and 12. On January 5, 1910, he was married to Bertha Schwank, the daughter of Jacob and Anna Marie Grunder Schwank. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Gottberg had two children: Eileen, born November 8, 1910, is now Mrs. Ted Bredehoft; Howard, who is married to Carmen Johansen, was born September 27, 1914.

Mr. Gottberg was engaged in farming and stock raising for several years.

Outside of farming, he has also been in automobile and garage work. Politically, he supports the Republican Party. The Gottbergs are members of the Immanuel Lutheran Church, in Columbus.


Frederick Gottschalk, born January 27, 1827, in Thal Hessen, Darmstadt, Germany, immigrated to the United States in 1853, arriving in New York on December 26. For one year, he worked in New York at a saw mill, and the following year, in 1855, he worked on a farm in Pennsylvania. From Pennsylvania, he moved to Columbus, Ohio, late in 1855, and there joined several men who came to Omaha, Nebraska, early in 1856.

Frederick Gottschalk was one of the five men sent out by the Columbus Company to find a townsite in March, 1856. These men marked a site a few miles east of the present town of Columbus and returned to Omaha. On May 29, 1856, Mr. Gottschalk, with the other twelve members of the Columbus Company, founded the present town of Columbus.

On August 20, 1861, in Columbus, Frederick Gottschalk was married to Margaretha Loy Denck, the widow of Adam Denck. Mrs. Gottschalk was born in Bavaria in 1827, came to America in 1854, and to Columbus in 1859. The Gottschalks had three children: L. Frederick, born April 30, 1864; and two other children who died in infancy.

The Gottschalks took up a homestead near Columbus. For the first few winters, Frederick worked in stone quarries near Omaha. Later, he operated a ferry across the Loup River of Columbus. In time, he accumulated enough money to buy three yoke of oxen and then engaged in hauling grain to soldiers at Fort Kearney, fording the rivers and streams en route.

His next move was to purchase a team of horses, which he bought in Iowa. This was the first team of horses in Columbus. Among other firsts, he is credited with killing the first elk slain by a white man in this territory.

He was a farmer and left an estate of four hundred acres of land in the vicinity of Columbus.

Frederick Gottschalk died August 18, 1905. Mrs. Gottschalk died May 31, 1901. They were members of the German Reform Church.


L. Frederick Gottschalk, son of Frederick and Margaretha Loy Denck Gottschalk, was born April 30, 1864, in Columbus. His father was one of the founders of Columbus.

Fred received his early education in the Columbus schools. In 1885, he was enrolled at the University of Michigan, in Ann Arbor, where he studied civil engineering. He was graduated there in 1888. While at the University, he was a member of the varsity football team and also established a world shotput record, which was unbroken for forty years.

He spent the five years following his graduation working in the office of the Ann Arbor City Engineer. He then worked for several years at his profession of civil engineering and surveying, in various sections of the United States. During this time he was employed by railroads in their construction periods, culminating with the Union Pacific.

In the early 1890's, he spent almost two years in the Kentucky mountains with the Union Pacific surveying party. This was at a time when many of the natives bitterly opposed the advancement of the railroad and openly fought with the surveying party, several of whose members were killed. Following this Mr. Gottschalk returned to Columbus where he worked at his profession of engineering until his retirement.

For many years, he was the only civil engineer in Columbus. He made the original survey for what is now the Loup River Public Power District canal project. His professional signature is signed to a great many legal survey documents in the Columbus territory.

His father died in 1905, and at that time Fred assumed the management of the Gottschalk property holdings.

In 1911, he was appointed Platte County Surveyor, was elected to that office in 1916, on the Democratic ticket, and served continuously until January, 1939. In 1909, he was elected director of the Columbus Land, Loan, and Building Association, and in 1926, was elected vice-president, which office he held until 1941.

In the day when Columbus had annual fire-works he supervised their display. This event was a highlight of the Fourth of July celebrations for many years.

On January 27, 1892, L. Frederick Gottschalk was married to Sophia M. Grayer, at Ann Arbor, Michigan. They had one child, who died in infancy. Mrs. Gottschalk died on April 29, 1893.

On March 13, 1894, Mr. Gottschalk married Helena Hoehen, daughter of Doctor Carl Hoehen, of Columbus. They had six children: five daughters and a son. Louise, Mrs. Clifford R. Galley, of Omaha; Irma, Mrs. Harold Kramer, of Columbus; Margaret, Mrs. Charles Hermann, of San Francisco; Constance, of Chicago; Helen Ann, Mrs. James W. Henry, of Topeka, Kansas; and Frederick O., of Columbus.

L. F. Gottschalk became a member of the Columbus Fire Department in 1896, and served as its chief for three years, from 1903 to 1905. He was a member of


the F.O.E. (Eagles), and the Knights of Pythias. His hobby was gardening.

Mr. Gottschalk, like his father, was a firm believer in Nebraska land. He was born in a small house which was located just north and east of the present Gottschalk home, and which was the parental home for many years. It was on the original Gottschalk Homestead.

L. Frederick Gottschalk died September 18, 1941, in Columbus. He belonged to the Lutheran Church.


Frederick O. Gottschalk, the son of L. Frederick and Helen Hoehen Gottschalk, was born on July 4, 1902, in Columbus, Nebraska. His father, a civil engineer, was born in Columbus on April 20, 1864, and died there on September 18, 1941. His mother was born in Columbus on April 16, 1873.

Frederick received his early education in the Columbus schools and was graduated from the Columbus High School in 1921. He attended the University of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, from 1921-1924, and the University of Nebraska from 1924-1925. He was affiliated with the Phi Delta Theta Fraternity.

From 1925-1928, he was with the Becher, Hockenberger, and Chambers Company. In 1928, he became secretary-treasurer and general manager of the Gottschalk Insurance Agency, and manager of the United Finance Company. He later acquired the ownership of the United Finance Company. Mr. Gottschalk is a member of the Personal Finance Association of Nebraska and served as its president in 1928.

On February 27, 1943, in Columbus, Frederick O. Gottschalk was married to Ruth Stuart Sutton. She died on October 24, 1943. Her son, Frederick Addison, was adopted by Mr. Gottschalk.

On September 2!, 1946, at the First Presbyterian Church in Omaha, Frederick O. Gottschalk was married to Mrs. Flora Albin Gray, the daughter of Joseph and Martha Merl McCormick Albin, of Lincoln, Nebraska. Besides their sons, Frederick Addison Gottschalk, born January 15, 1936, at Lexington, Nebraska, and William Albin Gray, (Mrs. Gottschalk's son by a former marriage) born December 24, 1941, in New York City, they have two daughters, both born in Columbus: Carol Ann, born August 1, 1947, and Martha Merl, born September 22, 1948.

Mr. Gottschalk is a member of the Columbus Chamber of Commerce, the Rotary International, the Knights of Pythias, the A.F.&A.M., 32nd degree Mason, the Tangier Shrine, the Fraternal Order of Eagles, the B.P.O.E. (Elks), and the Wayside Country Club.

Mr. and Mrs. Frederick O. Gottschalk are members of the Grace Episcopal Church in Columbus. Politically, Frederick Gottschalk is a Democrat.


D. Lee Grace, son of Daniel Boone and Sarah Ellen Roberts Grace, was born in St. Joseph, Missouri, April 1, 1900. His father, a carpenter, was born on April 21, 1870, at St. Joseph, Missouri, and died June 19, 1934.  His mother was born June 22, 1877, at St. Joseph, Missouri.

D. Lee Grace received his early education at the William Jewell Academy. He then attended the Southwest Baptist College and later the William Jewell College, at Liberty, Missouri; where he was graduated. He holds a major in Christian Education, and was ordained a minister of the Baptist Church in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1930.

On October 19, 1930, at St. Joseph, he was married to Hazel Anna Dickey, daughter of Charles E. and Anna Belle Newman Dickey. D. Lee and Hazel Anna Grace have one son, Daniel Lee, Jr., born October 22, 1934, at Kansas City, Missouri.


John Graf

Fitted by background and study to become a leader of young people, Mr. Grace entered the field of Christian service as a secretary of the Young Men's Christian Association in 1930, and has since been actively engaged in this work. He assumed his duties as secretary to the Columbus Y.M.C.A. in September, 1944.

Since coming to Columbus, he has also served two of the Baptist churches in Platte County as pastor; the First Baptist Church at Platte Center; and the First Baptist Church at Humphrey. D. Lee Grace is a member of the Y.M.C.A. Secretaries, the Lions Club International, and the Platte County Ministerial Association. Mr. and Mrs. D. Lee Grace are members of the First Baptist Church, of Columbus.


John Graf, son of John and Theresa Heckli Graf, natives of Germany, was born in Germany, September 4, 1850. His father, a carpenter, was born in 1826: John was one of a family of four. His brother, Charles, lived at Kenosha, Wisconsin. His sisters, now deceased, were Minnie Graf Weyer of Kenosha, and Mary Graf Bailey of Chicago.

At the age of four, John immigrated to America with his parents. The family settled at Sauk City, Wisconsin, where he attended school. Later, he enrolled at the Normal School at Platteville, Wisconsin, after which, he taught in the Wisconsin rural schools for five years.

In 1874, he went to work in a grocery store in Sauk City, and remained there for two years. Following this, he came west to Platte County, and located at Columbus. Upon his arrival here, he taught one term of school,

The History of Platte County Nebraska

and then went into the saloon business. In 1884, he was appointed Deputy County Clerk of Platte County, and served for four years, at which time, he resumed his business and continued in it until 1897, when he was again appointed Deputy County Clerk. He continued as Deputy until 1904, when he became County Clerk, which office he efficiently held for the next twelve years, retiring from public office in 1916.

On July 11, 1882, at St. Bonaventure's Catholic Church, in Columbus, John Graf married Minnie Bader. They had two sons and a daughter: John T., Jr., Edward F., and Minnie, born June 16, 1892, who died December 20, 1904.

Minnie Bader Graf was born in Switzerland and came to the United States in 1875, going directly to the home of her aunt, Mrs. Jacob Ernst, north of Columbus.

John Graf was a prominent member in the Columbus Maennerchor Society. He also held membership in the Sons of Herman and was a charter member of both the Catholic Knights of America and the Knights of Columbus. Politically, he was a Democrat.

John Graf died in Columbus, January 7, 1923, and Mrs. Graf died on December 7, 1942.


John T. Graf, son of John and Minnie Graf, was born December 9, 1883, in Columbus, Nebraska, and died there, August 3, 1945. He attended St. Francis Academy, the Columbus High School, and the Columbus Business College, after which, he worked for a year as a clerk. He then entered the Columbus post office, where he served as clerk for several years. Later, he took a city mail route. In all, he worked under Civil Service in Columbus for thirty-five years.

On May 10, 1910, he married Martha A. Derleth, daughter of John A. and Anna Becker Derleth, at Sauk City, Wisconsin. Mr. Derleth was born in Pennsylvania, October 23, 1851, and died December 9, 1923, at Sauk City. Mrs. Derleth was born October 15, 1858, at Sauk City, and died there, October 10, 1916.

John T. and Martha Derleth Graf had three children: John Derleth, born June 11, 1911, is married and lives in Denver, Colorado, where he is a hotel clerk; Laverna married Leo Duranski, and they live in Columbus; Vieva married Guy Flavo.

John T. Graf held memberships in the National Association of Letter Carriers and the Sons of Herman. The Grafs are members of St. Bonaventure Catholic Church (Grafs are members of the St. Bonaventure Catholic Church) (sic). Politically, Mr. Graf was a Democrat.


Edward Graf, son of John and Minnie Bader Graf, was born in Columbus, September 10, 1889. He attended the St. Francis Academy, the Columbus High School, and the Columbus Business College, after which he entered his father's office, where he worked as Deputy County Clerk and Deputy Registrar of Deeds for several years, when the two offices were combined.

During World War 1, on June 26, 1917, he enlisted in the United States Army, and served in Company K, with the rating of sergeant. After his discharge, in 1919, he was appointed Deputy Clerk of the District Court, and continued in that capacity until 1924, when he was elected Clerk of the District Court, on the Democratic ticket. He held that office for fifteen years. In 1939, he retired from public office. For the next two years, he had a liquor store on Twenty-sixth Avenue. He died October 9, 1941.

On July 24, 1928, at the St. Bonaventure Church, in Columbus, Edward Graf married Mary Weberg.

Mr. Graf held memberships in the B.P.O.E., the F.O.E., the Sons of Herman, Columbus Fire Department, and Hartman Post Number 84, American Legion.


Sidney Calhoun Gray was born November 28, 1839, at Ostelic, Shenango County, New York. He came from Scotch antecedents, and on his *maternal side, was a descendant of John C. Calhoun. in an early day, long before the railroads were extended into the territory comprised in Bureau County, Illinois, S. C. Gray engaged in the mercantile business there.

He was also a landowner in Illinois. He graduated from the Knoxville College, at Galesburg, and for a number of years following, was a merchant in the city of Princeton, Illinois.

On March 7, 1861, at Galesburg, Sidney Calhoun Gray married Rowena R. Ransom. They had five children, three of whom died previous to 1884. The others are Clinton C., who died in 1937,. and Arthur M. Gray, who came to Columbus with them.

In 1884, when Sidney C. Gray and his family moved to Columbus, he and his son, Clinton, went into the cattle feeding business and developed a stock farm northwest of Columbus. Around 1890, he became active in the Columbus business field and continued his work in the civic and business life of the community until 1910.

Clark Gray, who at one time was connected with the Commercial Bank, was a brother of S. C. Gray. Sidney Calhoun Gray died on April 28, 1910.

* overwritten: "paternal grandmother's side."


Clinton C. Gray, son of Sidney Calhoun and Rowena Ransom Gray, was born April 23, 1863, on a farm near Arlington, Illinois. The family moved to Princeton, where his father was engaged in the general merchandise, grain and lumber business. In 1884, his father disposed of his interests there, and the Gray family moved to Columbus, Nebraska, where Clinton and his father were engaged in the cattle feeding business.

About 1890, they opened a hardware store in the Sheldon Building where the Columbus Bank is now located. A short time later, they started a grocery store in a building in the rear of the hardware store, and then

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